For other people with the same name, see Fernando Po (disambiguation).

Ronald Allan Kelley Poe (August 20, 1939 – December 14, 2004), better known as Fernando Poe, Jr. and colloquially known as FPJ and Da King, was a Filipino actor. During the latter part of his career, Poe was defeated by incumbent President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in the 2004 Philippine Presidential elections, a result roundly believed to have been fraudulent. His long career as an action film star earned him the moniker "King of Philippine Movies" (often shortened to Da King).

Poe was posthumously declared a National Artist of the Philippines for Film on 23 May 2006 by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. The award was confirmed by President Benigno Aquino III on 20 July 2012, and was presented to his family on 16 August.

Early Life

Ronald Allan K. Poe was the son of Filipino actor Allan Fernando R. Poe (Fernando Poe, Sr.) and Elizabeth Kelley, an American. He was born in San Carlos City, Pangasinan. His parents were not yet legally married when he was born on August 20, 1939, although his parents were later married in 1940. His opponents tried to derail his bid for the presidency when they sought to disqualify him as an illegitimate son of a non-Filipino mother. He was the second among six siblings and it was his brother Andy who was really named Fernando Poe, Jr. which FPJ later adopted, to bank on the popularity of his father who was a top actor in his time. Conrad Poe, a Filipino actor is FPJ's half-brother, the illegitimate son of the late Fernando Poe Sr. and actress Patricia Mijares. Pou is the original spelling of the family's surname from his grandfather, playwright Lorenzo Pou, a Catalan migrant from Majorca, Spain, who ventured into mining and business in the Philippines.

Educational Life

In 1953 Poe finished his primary education at San Beda College. For high school, he went to San Sebastian College. He continued his education at Mapua Institute of Technology and University of the East. His father died from rabies at age 35, leaving the young Poe as the family's breadwinner. In order to support his family, he was forced to drop out of school. He did not complete high school, but went on to win numerous awards and prizes as an actor and film director.

Acting career

Poe dropped out of high school to work in the Filipino film industry as a messenger boy, and was given acting roles in subsequent years. Starting as a stuntman for Everlasting Pictures, he was given a break and landed his first starring role in the movie Anak ni Palaris (Son of Palaris) at the age of 14. The movie was not a big hit. In 1957, the movie Lo Waist Gang made him popular, and the film was such a big hit that low-waist pants became a fad.

Known also as FPJ from his initials, Poe acted in a number of movies which depicted him as the champion of the poor and downtrodden. He also directed nine movies, under the pseudonym Ronwaldo Reyes. Reyes originated from the surname of his paternal grandmother, Martha. The name Ronwaldo Reyes also alliterates to Ronald Reagan, who like Poe, was an actor who later ran for President.

He established FPJ productions in 1961 and later organized other film companies such as D'Lanor, JAFERE, and Rosas Productions. In 1963, he testified against criminal gangs, known as the Big Four, who extorted money from the film industry. In 1965, he shared the lead in The Ravagers (in the Philippines this is titled "Only the Brave Know Hell"), a film depicting the United States and the Philippines working together against Japanese war time occupation. The film is considered one of the most influential Filipino films.

Poe became an award-winning actor and garnered the most best actor awards at the FAMAS. Among the movies that received awards were Mga Alabok ng Lupa (1967), Asedillo (1971), Durugin si Totoy Bato, Umpisahan Mo, Tatapusin Ko (1983), and Muslim Magnum .357 (1987).

Among his famous movies include playing Flavio in the mythical Ang Panday series, Kahit Konting Pagtingin, Dito sa Pitong Gatang and Aguila. His last movie was Pakners which also stars 9-ball billiards champion Efren "Bata" Reyes.

Presidential bid

Fernando Poe Jr., was the Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP)'s candidate for the 2004 presidential election. A public figure in his movie career and known for his charitable but unpublicized endeavours, he targeted his candidacy at the same poor whom he championed in his movies.

Poe accepted the nomination in December 2003 and was to be the opposition standard-bearer for the Philippines' 2004 presidential election. Some accounts portray him as a reluctant candidate who was only prevailed upon to accept the nomination by his best friend, former President Joseph Estrada. But other accounts say he was convinced to cast his bid for the presidency because of the overwhelming crowd that gathered for the first rally of the FPJ for President Movement at the Cuneta Astrodome in Pasay City.

Personal life

Poe married actress Susan Roces (real name: Jesusa Sonora) in a civil wedding in December 1968. They later married in a religious service and among their primary sponsors were then-President Ferdinand Marcos and First Lady Imelda. Poe and Roces adopted a daughter, former MTRCB Chairman and May 2013 senatorial candidate, Grace Poe. Poe was also partnered with Anna Marin and had one son as Ronian and former actress Rowena Moran has one daughter Lourdes Virginia.

Although a famous public figure, Poe had been very reclusive about his personal life. However, in February, 2004, during the presidential campaign, Poe admitted to having sired two children out of wedlock.

Death and legacy

Poe was admitted to Saint Luke's Medical Center in Quezon City on the evening of December 11, 2004 after complaining of dizziness at a gathering in his production studio during a Christmas party. He suffered from a stroke and slipped into a coma while being treated for a brain clot. Doctors described his condition as a cerebral thrombosis with multiple organ failure. He died at the age of 65 on December 14 at 12:01 am, without regaining consciousness. Friends and allies from the movie and political worlds were at his bedside.

The nine-day wake was attended by hundreds of thousands, with organizers claiming numbers as high as two million. The funeral procession drew tens of thousands who crowded the streets of Quezon City, an event that was reminiscent of the funeral processions of Ninoy Aquino in 1983 and matinee idol Julie Vega in 1985. He was buried in his family plot along with his father and mother in North Cemetery, Manila, Philippines.

On December 14, 2012, Eight years after his death, FPJ was feted with a monument along Roxas Boulevard in Manila. The monument was unveiled at the corner of Roxas Boulevard and Arquiza Street, with widow Susan Roces and daughter Grace Poe attending the affair

In popular culture

  • Fernando Poe Jr. inspired a generation of television and movie impersonators, both serious and comedic. His iconic movie role as the 'Pinoy Robin Hood' and 'People's Champion' in most of his films have repeatedly been clichéd by Filipino action films for years to come.
  • TV host-comedian Joey De Leon parodied FPJ and his iconic film persona (most notably the character of Flavio in "Ang Panday") in many cameo and starring roles. In the comedy-hit movie "She-Man, Mistress of the Universe", FPJ himself appeared in character (as Flavio) and made a memorable cameo appearance to rescue "Pandoy" (De Leon's character name) against his enemies. Ironically, De Leon in his Starzan character from the film of the same name made a cameo appearance in FPJ's film "May Isang Tsuper ng Taxi" asking the latter to take him to the forest.
  • Long sideburns in the Philippines are often referred to as "FPJ's".


Title Year Films
Anak ni Palaris 1955 Fernando Poe Productions
Rosita Nobles 1955 Deegar Cinema Inc.
Simaron (Extra) 1956 Everlasting Pictures
Babaing Mandarambong 1956 Everlasting Pictures
Lo Waist Gang 1956 Premier Production / A Larry Santiago Film
Kamay ni Cain 1957 People's Pictures
Bakasyon Grande 1957 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Tipin 1957 People's Pictures
Los Lacuacheros 1957 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
H-Line Gang 1957 Premier Productions Inc.
Bicol Express 1958 Premier Productions Inc.
Student Canteen 1958 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Lutong Makaw 1958 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Pepeng Kaliwete Part 1 1958 Premier Productions Inc.
May Pasikat Ba sa Kano? 1958 Premier Productions Inc.
Obra Maestra 1958 People's Pictures
Atrebida 1958 Premier Productions
Lo’ Waist Gang at Og sa Mindoro 1958 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Laban sa Lahat 1958 Premier Productions
Bon Voyage 1958 Premier Productions
Princesa Naranja 1959 Premier Productions
Rolling Rockers 1959 People's Pictures
Duke De Borgona {The Duke of Borgona} 1959 Premier Productions
Eva Dragon 1959 Premier Productions
Hawaiian Boy 1959 People's Picture
Tough Guy 1959 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Big Time Berto (Cameo Role) 1959 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Pitong Gatang { Seven Cup} 1959 Premiere Productions
Anak ng Bulkan 1959 Premier Productions
Gabi Ng Lagim (Cameo Role) {Fright Night} 1960 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Markado 1960 Hollywood-Far East Productions
Rancho Grande 1960 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Lo Waist Gang Joins The Armed Forces 1960 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Walang Daig-dig 1960 Larry Santiago Productions / A Poe-Zshornack Productions
Materiales Fuertes (Cameo Role) 1960 People's Pictures
Viuda De Ojo {Eye Widow} 1960 Premier Productions
Sutlang Bakal {Steel of Silk} 1960 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
True Confessions 1960 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Sarhento Salcedo 1960 Balatbat Productions
Pasong Diablo {Devil's Pass} 1961 Poe-Zshornack Productions
Sandata at Pangako 1961 LVN Pictures
Kilabot Sa Barilan 1961 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Walang Patawad 1961 Balatbat Productions
Sakristan Mayor { Senior Acolyte} 1961 People's Pictures
Ikaw O Ako 1961 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Hinahamon Kita 1961 People's Pictures
Dakilang 9 {Great 9} 1961 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Matapang Sa Matapang {Courage To courage} 1961 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Baril sa Baril 1961 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Tatlong Baraha 1961 Hollywood-Far East Productions
Apollo Robles 1961 Premier Productions
Walang Pagkalupig {Unconquered} 1961 Larry Santiago Productions / A Jasmin Tagalog Pictures
Hari Sa Barilan 1962 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Suicide Commandoes 1962 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Kapag Puno na ang Salop Part 1 1962 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Mga Tigreng Taga-bukid 1962 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Batang Maynila 1962 FPJ Productions
Ako Ang Katarungan 1962 Premier Productions
Albano Brothers 1962 FPJ Productions / Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
4 Valientes 1962 People's Pictures
Leon Marahas 1962 People's Pictures
Pagtutuos Ng Mga Kilabot {Duel of the Dreaded} 1962 FPJ Productions
Masikip ang Daigdig 1962 People's Pictures
Mapusok na Paghihiganti 1962 Balatbat Productions
Los Palikeros {The Playboys} 1963 FPJ Productions
Limang Kidlat 1963 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Kung Hindi Ka Susuko 1963 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Ito Ang Maynila 1963 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
The Big Show (Cameo Role) 1963 People's Pictures
Magnong Mandurukot 1963 People's Pictures
12 Kuba 1963 People's Pictures
Bilis Ng Kamay {Sleight of Hand} 1963 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Calleyon 11 1963 FPJ Productions
Fandong Asintado {Sharpshooter Fando} 1963 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Tahimik Ngunit Mapanganib 1963 RTG Productions
Angkan ng Matatapang 1963 FPJ Productions
Sierra Madre 1963 JAFERE Productions
Sa Pagitan ng Dalawang Mata 1963 People Pictures
Sigaw ng Digmaan 1963 FPJ Productions
Anghel Sa Aking Balikat 1964 FPJ Productions
Intramuros 1964 Hemisphere Pictures
Mano Mano 1964 FPJ Productions
Maskarados 1964 JAFERE Productions
Geron Busabos (Cameo Role) 1964 EMAR Pictures
Daniel Barrion 1964 JAFERE Productions
Walang Hanggan 1964 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Baril Na Ginto 1964 FPJ Productions
Orlando Romano 1964 JAFERE Productions
Saan Man Sulok ng Daigdig {On Any Corner of the World} 1964 People's Pictures
Kumander Fidela 1964 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
9 Laban sa Lahat 1964 RTG Productions
Ang Daigdig Ko'y Ikaw 1965 FPJ Productions
Sa Bawa't Hakbang Panganib 1965 JAFERE Productions
Tierra Verde 1965 FPJ Productions
Pilipinas Kong Mahal 1965 FPJ Productions
Ang Salarin 1965 RTG Productions
Ang Mananandata 1965 FPJ Productions
Maginoong Tulisan 1965 RTG Productions
The Ravagers 1965 Hemisphere Pictures
Tatak Barbaro 1965 RTG Productions
Hangga't May Kalaban 1965 FPJ Productions
Let's Do The Freddie (Cameo Role) 1966 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Zamboanga 1966 FPJ Productions
San Bernardo 1966 FPJ Productions
Diegong Akyat 1966 FPJ Productions
Lupong Balisong 1966 RTG Productions
Hanggang May Buhay 1966 FPJ Productions
Franco Madero 1966 Virgo Film Productions
Sarhentong Aguila at 9 na Magigiting 1966 FPJ Productions
Dakilang Balat-kayo 1966 JAFERE Productions
Baril Sa Aking Kamay 1966 FPJ Productions
Ang Haragan 1966 RTG Productions
Dugo Sa Buhangin 1967 RTG Productions
Ex-Convict 1967 RTG Productions
Alyas 1-2-3 1967 FPJ Productions
Mga Alabok sa Lupa 1967 FPJ Productions
Langit At Lupa 1967 FPJ Productions
Baril At Rosaryo 1967 AM Productions
Roman Montalan 1967 EMAR Pictures
...At Sila'y Dumating {...And They Arrived} 1967 FPJ Productions
Alamat Ng 7 Kilabot 1967 FPJ Productions
Tatlong Hari 1968 FPJ Productions
Tanging Ikaw 1968 Rosas Productions
To Susan With Love 1968 Rosas Productions
Sorrento 1968 FPJ Productions
Ang Pagbabalik ni Daniel Barrion 1968 FPJ Productions
Magpakailanman 1968 FPJ Productions
Ang Mangliligpit 1968 RTG Productions
Dos Por Dos 1968 Emar Pictures
Ang Dayuhan 1968 RTG Productions
Barbaro Cristobal 1968 FPJ Productions
Ikaw Ang Lahat Sa Akin 1969 FPJ Productions
Perlas ng Silangan 1969 FPJ Productions
Nardong Kutsero 1969 FPJ Productions
14 1969 All Stars Productions Inc.
Ginintuang Kamay 1969 FPJ Productions
Fando 1969 FPJ Productions
Matimbang ang Dugo sa Tubig {Blood is Thicker than Water} 1969 FPJ Productions
Batang Matadero 1969 FPJ Productions
Divina Garcia 1970 FPJ Productions
Santiago! 1970 LEA Productions
Mga Anghel na Walang Langit (Cameo Role) 1970 FPJ Productions
Digmaan ng Mga Angkan {Clan Wars} 1971 FPJ Productions
Dampo't Pukol Salo 1971 FPJ Productions
Asedillo 1971 FPJ Productions
Ang Kampana Sa Santa Quiteria 1971 FPJ Productions
Alas, Hari at Sota 1972 FPJ Productions
Ang Alamat {The Legend} 1972 FPJ Productions
Sto. Domingo 1972 FN Productions
Salaginto't Salagubang 1972 FPJ Productions
Magiting at Pusakal 1972 JE Productions
Esteban 1973 FPJ Productions
Dugo ng Bayan 1973 FPJ Productions
Ang Agila At Ang Araw 1973 FPJ Productions
Sto. Kristo 1973 FPJ Productions
Karnabal 1973 FPJ Productions
Batya't Palu-Palo 1974 FPJ Productions
Ang Pangalan "Mediavillo" 1974 FPJ Productions
Sanctuario 1974 FPJ Productions
Hotdog : Unang Kagat (First Bite) (Cameo Role) 1975 Crown Seven Film Productions
Alupihang Dagat {Stomatopod} 1975 FPJ Productions
Happy Days Are Here Again 1975 FPJ Productions
Pagbabalik ng Lawin 1975 FPJ Productions
Anak Ng Araw 1975 FPJ Productions
Anino ng Araw 1975 FPJ Productions
Dugo At Pag-ibig Sa Kapirasong Lupa 1975 Bravo Film Productions
Tatak ng Alipin 1975 FPJ Productions
Ang Leon At Ang Daga 1976 FPJ Productions
Bato sa Buhangin 1976 FPJ Productions
Alakdang Gubat 1976 FPJ Productions
Andalucia 1976 LEA Productions
Tutubing Kalabaw, Tutubing Karayom 1977 FPJ Productions
Totoy Bato 1977 FPJ Productions
Bontoc 1977 FPJ Productions
Little Christmas Tree 1977 FPJ Productions
Nagbabagang Asero {Smoldering Steel} 1977 FPJ Productions
Tundo: Isla Puting Bato 1977 LEA Productions
King 1978 FPJ Productions
It Happened One Night 1978 FPJ Productions
Ang Lalaki, Ang Alamat, at Ang Baril 1978 FPJ Productions
Kumander Ulupong 1978 GPS Film Productions
Patayin si Mediavillo 1978 FPJ Productions
Mga Mata ni Anghelita (in a Special Role) 1978 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Tatak ng Tundo 1978 FPJ Productions
Ang Panday 1978 FPJ Productions
Isa Para Sa Lahat, Lahat Para Sa Isa 1979 FPJ Productions
At Muling Nagbaga ang Lupa 1979 FPJ Productions
Mahal...Saan Ka Nanggaling Kagabi? 1979 FPJ Productions
Durugin si Totoy Bato 1979 FPJ Productions
Boy Negro (Cameo Role) 1980 RDO Film Circle
Mahal, Ginabi Ka Na Naman 1980 FPJ Productions
Ang Agila at ang Falcon 1980 FPJ Productions
Ang Lihim ng Guadalupe 1980 FPJ Productions
Aguila 1980 Bancom Audiovision Corp.
Angelita... Ako ang iyong ina 1980 Larry Santiago Productions Inc.
Leon at ang Kuting 1980 FPJ Productions
Izkorokotoy (Cameo Role) 1981 GPS Film Production
Ang Maestro 1981 FPJ Productions
Bandido sa Sapang Bato 1981 GPS Film Productions
Sierra Madre Part 2 1981 LEA Productions
Minahal Mo Ba Ako 1981 FPJ Productions
Sambahin Ang Ngalan Mo 1981 LEA Productions
Ang Pagbabalik ng Panday 1982 FPJ Productions
Manedyer...Si Kumander (My the Manager] 1982 FPJ Productions
Kalibre .45 1982 Mirick Films International
Daniel Bartolo ng Sapang Bato 1982 GPS Film Productions
Panday, Ang Ikatlong Yugto 1982 FPJ Productions
Brando Bandido (Cameo Role) 1983 Day Films
Roman Rapido 1983 BHS Film
Kapag Buhay Ang Inutang 1983 Cine Suerte Inc.
Umpisahan Mo, Tatapusin Ko 1983 FPJ Productions
Isang Bala Ka Lang 1983 FPJ Productions
Panday, Ikaapat na Aklat 1984 FPJ Productions
Sigaw ng Katarungan 1984 Cine Suerte Inc.
Sierra Madre Part 3 1984 LEA Productions
Daáng Hari 1984 LEA Productions
Ang Padrino 1984 FPJ Productions
Isa-Isa Lang 1985 Cine Suerte Inc.
Partida 1985 Cine Suerte Inc. / FPJ Productions
Kapag Lumaban Ang Api (When the Downtrodden Fights Back) 1986 LEA Productions
Batang Quiapo 1986 Regal Films
Iyo ang Tondo, Kanya ang Cavite (Tondo is Yours, Cavite, is His) 1986 FPJ Productions / Imus Films (co-production)
Muslim .357 1986 Tagalog IlangIlang Productions
Kapag Lumaban Ang Api 1987 LEA Productions
Kapag Puno na ang Salop 1987 FPJ Productions
Batas sa Aking Kamay 1987 Bonanza Films
Kamao (Telemovie) 1987 KAPP / TAPE, Inc. (co-production)
No Retreat... No Surrender... Si Kumander 1987 FPJ Productions
One Day, Isang Araw 1988 Regal Films
Gawa Na Ang Bala Na Papatay Sa Yo 1988 FPJ Productions
Agila Ng Maynila 1989 FPJ Productions
Wanted: Pamilya Banal 1989 FPJ Productions
Ako Ang Húhusga (Kapag Punô na ang Salop Part II) 1989 Bonanza Films
May Isang Tsuper ng Taxi 1990 FPJ Productions
Kahit Konting Pagtingin 1990 Viva Films
Hindi Ka Na Sisikatan Ng Araw (Kapag Puno na ang Salop Part III) 1990 FPJ Productions
Batas Ng 45 1991 Chiba Films
Mabuting Kaibigan...Masamang Kaaway 1991 Tagalog Ilang-Ilang Productions
Lakay: The Lagasca Story 1991 GP Films
Dito sa Pitong Gatang 1992 FPJ Productions
Isang Bala Ka Lang (Part 2) 1992 Vision Films
Hindi Pa Tapos Ang Lában 1994 Viva Films
The Epimaco Velasco Story: NBI 1994 FLT Films
Walang Matigas na Tinápay sa Mainit na Kape 1994 FPJ Productions
Minsan Pa (Kahit Konting Pagtingin 2) 1995 Viva Films
Kahit Butas ng Karayom, Papasúkin Ko! 1995 Chiba Films / Antonio Cabangon Chua
Ang Syota Kong Balikbayan 1995 FPJ Productions
Hagedorn 1996 Merdeka Films
Ikaw Ang Mahal Ko 1996 FPJ Productions
Ang Probinsyano 1996 FPJ Productions
Eseng ng Tondo 1997 Viva Films / FPJ Productions
Ang Pagbabalik ng Probinsiyano 1998 FPJ Productions
Isusumbong Kita Sa Tatay Ko 1999 Star Cinema
Ang Dalubhasa 2000 Millennium Cinema
Ayos na ang Kasunod 2000 FPJ Productions
Isa-isa Lang (one by one only) 2001 FPJ Productions
Batas ng Lansángan 2002 Maverick Films
Ang Alamát ng Láwin 2002 FPJ Productions
Pakners 2003 FPJ Productions

See also

  • Fernando Poe Jr's Presidential Candidacy

External links

  • Fernando Poe, Jr. at the Internet Movie Database
  • Article about his presidential bid
  • Opinion Article on the man
  • Article and photos on his funeral
  • GMA NEWS.TV, Susan Roces leads rites for FPJ death anniversary 12/14/2007, 11:30 AM